24 students were randomly assigned to the roles of guards or prisoners through a toss of a coin to heighten the realism of the study, the 'prisoners' were arrested in their homes by the local police and were then delivered to the 'prison. 24 students, who do not know each other, participated in the experiment from among 12 were randomly selected as guards and the remaining 12 as prisoners for 2 weeks the guards wore the proper uniform and sunglasses to inhibit eye contact and armed with batons to intimidate the prisoners. In 1971, a team of psychologists designed and executed an unusual experiment that used a mock prison setting, with college students role-playing prisoners and guards to test the power of the social situation to determine behavior the research, known as the stanford prison experiment, has become a. The ups and downs of conformity essay - the question of individualism vs conformity comes to mind when dealing with the human psyche some people value being independent and self-sufficient, while some like to keep themselves in the confines of conformity. The guards in the replication failed to develop a shared social idientity as a group, but the prisoners did and refused to accept the limits of their assigned roles this means that the brutality of the guards in the original spe was due to a shared social identity as a group, rather than conformity to their social roles.
The prisoners were dependent on the guards for everything so tried to find ways to please the guards, such as telling tales on fellow prisoners prisoner #8612 less than 36 hours into the experiment, prisoner #8612 began suffering from acute emotional disturbance, disorganized thinking, uncontrollable crying, and rage. Some guards were tough but fair (played by the rules), some went far beyond their roles to engage in creative cruelty and harassment, while a few were passive and rarely instigated any. The guards sexually taunted the prisoners answer saved less than a minute ago how was the power of anonymity demonstrated in the stanford prison experiment the guards, dressed in uniforms and sunglasses, behaved differently when their personal identities were disguised right the power of anonymity was demonstrated in how the guards, dressed in uniforms and sunglasses, behaved differently when their personal identities were disguised.
While the stanford prison experiment was originally slated to last 14 days, it had to be stopped after just six due to what was happening to the student participants the guards became abusive, and the prisoners began to show signs of extreme stress and anxiety. Philip zimbado (1973) also conducted an experiment to see how people adapt to new roles of guards and prisoners at that time in america, there were many reports of brutal attacks on prisoners by guards. In 1971, stanford university psychologist philip zimbardo (1972) [ 171 ] conducted an experiment to see what accounts for the extreme behaviors often seen in prisons: does this behavior stem from abnormal personalities of guards and prisoners or, instead, from the social structure of prisons, including the roles their members are expected to.
Results: within a very short time both guards and prisoners were settling into their new roles, the guards adopting theirs quickly and easily within hours of beginning the experiment some guards began to harass prisoners. Students were asked to volunteer and were randomly allocated into prisoner or guard roles prisoners were arrested at their homes, taken to prison, stripped, deloused and given uniforms the guards were also given a uniform and given the task of enforcing a set of behaviour rules which they could determine themselves. The research group was provided with prison cells in the basement of the university and offices for the guards the aim of the experiment was to show that prisoners and prison guards would choose to slip into their predefined roles and behave in the required way instead of using their own moral judgments.
In the bbc study it was found that the prisoners banded together and acted against the prison guards, challenging their authority and driving some distressed guards to leave the experiment. The stanford prison experiment is one of the most notorious and interesting experiments in recent social psychology history even though the goals of this experiment were to study the psychological effects of prison on people, it shed some light on how our behaviors can be changed through the roles. The guards then ended up harassing and humiliating the prisoners and each conformed to their perceived roles, this caused the experiment to be discontinued after six days, out of the original two-weeks.
The bystander effect experiment was put into action, directed by the man philip zimbarothe idea was to assemble a group of 24 normal or psychologically stable university students and split them into two groups, one being a set of prison officers and the other being a set of prisoners. The stanford prison experiment was a study of the psychological effects of becoming a prisoner or prison guard the experiment was conducted from august 14 to 20,1971 by a team of researchers led. Some guards were particularly cruel, whereas others could barely take the cruelty and offered to go on errands, while still others were actively kind to the prisoners, fulfilling their requests. -prisoners arrived, stripped naked, deloused and had all their personal possession taken from them, given prison clothes and bedding - referred to numbers -guards - khaki uniform, whistles, handcuffs, mirrored sun glasses to make eye contact with prisoners impossible.